Morocco, known in Arabic as al-Mumlakah al-Maghreb or "the Western Kingdom," is a country in northwest Africa with a long coastline along the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. The region is known for its beautiful forests, mountains, lakes and waterfalls. Visit ski slopes 25 minutes from campus or travel to nearby historically rich imperial cities of Fez and Meknes.



Languages Spoken:

Arabic, Berber languages

Education System

HIGHER EDUCATION OVERVIEW 

Admission to postsecondary institutions is open to baccalauréat (high school diploma in the U.S.) holders, and many schools and faculties require that students also pass an entrance examination. Most institutions or faculties will also require that students have minimum grades in their proposed majors. Furthermore, some institutions will only accept students who have obtained their baccalauréat in the year of application for registration.  

The school year in Morocco runs from October to June. The language of instruction in the humanities and social sciences is Arabic, while French is the language of instruction in scientific subjects. Curricula in all fields are, for the most part, standardized by the Ministry of Higher Education.  

University education is offered at 14 universities encompassing a combined total of 49 faculties and schools. Three main types of university have been established in Morocco: public institutions set up immediately after independence through the 1970s; newer universities established during the 1980s in response to the burgeoning demand for higher education opportunities; and the private not-for-profit university, of which Al Akhawayn is currently the only example. 

Higher education in Morocco and the region operates in a more formal tone; students should address their teachers as Mr., Mrs., Ms. or Dr., as appropriate. You will not be on a first name basis with any professor at AUI unless given express permission to do so.   

STUDYING IN MOROCCO 

Courses 

Al Akhawayn University offers seven undergraduate degrees from among three schools, science and engineering, business administration, and humanities and social sciences. Fourteen graduate degrees are offered in addition to executive education and special programs for continuing education. All courses are delivered in English. Language classes are offered in French, Arabic, Spanish and Berber.  

Of special interest are courses in history and political science that focus on North Africa and the Middle East. Arabic language courses are also offered in Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic is not offered at all levels each semester and students should refer to the course catalog for level selection. 

Registration 

Registration typically occurs upon your arrival on campus, during orientation.  

Course Load 

A normal course load per semester is five courses (17 credit hours). Grades are based on the four-point GPA system according to demonstrated performance and skill level. 

Exams & Grading 

Grading at Al Akhawayn is as follows: 

A indicates excellent achievement has been demonstrated 

B indicates high achievement 

C indicates acceptable performance 

D indicates the lowest passing grade (at AUI, a grade “D” which usually requires the student to repeat the course) 

F indicates failure either on a letter grade basis or on a Pass/Fail basis 

Letter Grades and Grade Point Percentages 

A 4.0 90-100 

B 3.0 80-89 

C 2.0 70-79 

D 1.0 60-69 

F 0.0 Below 60 

Transcripts 

Transcripts will be sent to ISEP Global six weeks following the end of term. Be sure to check with your host coordinator to ensure all is completed to allow for timely release of your transcript.  

Visa and Residency

COVID-19 Update: Visa and Residency guidelines are subject to change and may be updated without warning a result of COVID-19 governmental regulations. Students should review the Special Conditions of Placement in their ISEP Acceptance Package for the most current information.

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Students should always consult their local Consulate or Embassy of Morocco to verify the most up-to-date visa information. Visa requirements can vary depending on the country your passport is issued in. 

Residence Permit on Arrival

Most students will not need a visa to enter Morocco, but all students studying in Morocco for over 90 days are required to obtain a residence permit upon arrival. During onsite orientation, you will submit ID photos and complete the application form. The Office of International Programs at Al Akhawayn will send the application forms to the police department on behalf of the students. There is a one time residency permit service fee of 200.00 MAD (approx. $20 USD). 

IMPORTANT: Occasionally airlines do not seem to be aware of the process of entering Morocco as a tourist and then applying for the resident permit after arrival, and so students can sometimes be denied boarding at the airport if their return ticket is past 90 days. It is a good idea to bring a copy of this section of the ISEP Country Handbook in your carry-on luggage in case it is necessary to verify Morocco's official policy with airline personnel. If you run into this issue at the airport call your ISEP Student Services Officer, or the ISEP Emergency Line if it is urgent and after office hours (9am-5pm Eastern). 

Citizens of the following countries do not need a visa to enter Morocco and may stay in country for up to 90 days. For students intending to stay in Morocco past 90 days, a residence permit is needed. Please see below for information on the residence permit.

Algeria, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Republic of Congo, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea (Conakry), Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kuwait, Latvia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Mali, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Norway, Oman, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Romania, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore (Singaporean nationals may stay up to one month without visa), Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United States of America and Venezuela.

The important document to bring with you to complete your residency application is an authenticated, original national-level police record certificate from the place where you live. Students should bring this original document to Morocco in their carry-on luggage.  

The authenticated police record certificate must be translated into French. English to French translations can be completed after arrival in Morocco for approximately 200 MAD ($20 USD) per page.  

To request the authenticated national-level police record certificate:  

Students from the United States: 

- Students from the United States will need to bring an Apostilled FBI Background Check (Identity History Summary).  

ISEP highly recommends that students submit their request to the FBI via Electronic Departmental Order (eDO), as this is the least-expensive expedited option.  

The current cost of applying via eDO is $18, plus mailing costs and any costs associated with the fingerprinting process.  

Current processing time for requests submitted Electronically is estimated to be 3-5 business days upon receipt of the fingerprint card, not counting additional time for mail delivery (non-expedited processing times are 2-4 weeks).  

When selecting your preferences in the eDO application, it is important to request that your date of birth is included on the document and select that you want to be mailed a hard-copy response that will include the FBI seal and the signature of a division official. 

- You will then need to obtain the Apostille Seal of The Hague from the US Department of State to authenticate this document.   

Review the US DOS Apostille Requirements in full. The process has three main steps:  

Step 1: Have the hard copy of your FBI Background Check notarized in front of a notary public in your state of residence  

Step 2: Get the notarized document Apostilled by the Secretary of State for the state where you had the document notarized  

Visit this link and scroll down to Section III to find the information on submitting documents to be Apostilled in your particular state. 

Costs vary by state but are generally between $5 and $20 per document, plus mailing costs if applicable.  

Processing times vary by state 

The original document should be sent and returned via certified and trackable mail.  

Step 3: When the state-level Apostille is returned, mail in the original document to the US Department of State. Carefully review the guidelines for requesting authentication services before starting this final step in the process.  

US DOS Authentication fees are currently $20 per document, plus mailing costs.  

Current processing time is 2-3 weeks  

Your documents should be sent and returned via certified and trackable mail. 

- You can either have the final document translated into French by a certified translator while in the U.S., or you can have it translated into French after your arrival in Morocco.  

Local translation costs are estimated at 200 MAD (approx. $20 USD) per page 

- At all stages of the process, make a copy of the original document for your records. Bring the original, authenticated, document with you to Morocco in your carry-on luggage.  

Students from outside of the U.S.:

- Students from outside of the U.S. should obtain a national-level police record certificate (background check) from the appropriate authority. 

- Once this original document is obtained, it will need to be authenticated with an Apostille of the Hague. Visit this site, scroll down the page and click on the country name to find more information about the Apostille process for your particular home country.  

- You can either have the final document translated by a certified translator while in your home country, or you can have it translated from English to French once in Morocco.  

Local translation costs are estimated at 200 MAD (approx. $20 USD) per page.  

If the original police record certificate and authentication is issued in a language other than English, it is recommended that you complete the translation to French before arriving in Morocco.  

- At all stages of the process, make a copy of the original document for your records. Bring the original, authenticated, documents with you to Morocco in your carry-on luggage.  

 

Visa Requirements

Students who are citizens of a country not listed above will need a student visa to enter Morocco. See the Moroccan consulate or embassy in your home country for more information.

Students who study full-time in a third country and are not citizens of a country listed above (i.e. a Chinese student studying in the United States) can usually apply for the visa at the Moroccan consulate in the country where they are attending university. 

Culture

ABOUT MOROCCO

Morocco is full of contrasting imagery, colorful sights, new smells and exciting experiences. The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. It has a long coastline on the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Algeria to the east (though the Algerian border is closed), Mauritania and the Atlantic Ocean to its south and west.

The full Arabic name of the country translates to The Western Kingdom. Al-Maghreb (meaning The West) is commonly used in Arabic. Morocco has a population of approximately 31,689,265 and covers an area of 710,850 square kilometers. Morocco is divided into 16 regions, 72 provinces and 17 wilayas. The country is a constitutional monarchy with a legal system based on Islamic law and French and Spanish civil law. Most Moroccans are Sunni Muslims (98.8%) of Arab, Berber or mixed Arab-Berber stock. There are small Christian (1.1%) and Jewish (0.2%) communities. The official language of Morocco is Arabic but French is widely spoken along with Berber Dialects.

RELIGIOUS TRADITION

Religion is a deeply rooted and cherished facet of Moroccan culture. Morocco is predominantly Muslim, but other religious populations include Berbers and Christians. Moroccans are tolerant of other religions but students should be conscious of their surroundings when discussing religion. Because of the large Muslim population, students will frequently find themselves surrounded by the religious traditions associated with Islam, including the call to prayer throughout the day.

While living in Morocco, students should generally keep the following in mind with respect to religious traditions:

- Both men and women should ensure that their shoulders are covered and that pants and skirts go no higher than the knee when out in public. While it is not mandatory to adhere to these dress codes students are encouraged to follow them out of respect for the culture and to draw less attention to themselves in public.

- Most mosques are not open to non-Muslims. For the few that do allow non-Muslim visitors, it is important to dress appropriately. Women must cover their heads and wear long black gowns (abayas), which are usually provided at the entrance.

- Alcohol must not be consumed in public unless within the confines of a licensed establishment.

- Physical contact between men and women (even long-term married couples) is rare.

RAMADAN

The most widely observed Muslim holiday is Ramadan, which celebrates the Quran being revealed to the Prophet Mohammed. Participating in Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Ramadan is in the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar and requires participating Muslims to refrain from eating and drinking from dawn until sunset, pray, show self-restraint and perform good deeds for the less fortunate. The dates of Ramadan shift 11 days each year, depending on the lunar cycle.

When studying in Morocco during Ramadan, students will frequently experience Iftar celebrations, or the breaking of the fast that begins at sunset. Iftar is usually spent with family or friends and includes socialization and the sharing of extensive meals, desserts and coffee. During the month of Ramadan it is common for people to stay up later and sleep in longer. Working hours are normally reduced and the pace of life generally slows down. Students applying and studying during this time should prepare to be patient with day-to-day operations.

Ramadan ends with the holiday of Eid ul-Fitr, or the Festival of Breaking the Fast, which is usually marked by food donations to the poor (Zakat), new clothing, small gifts for children, communal prayers and large feasts with family and friends. The Eid is celebrated 29 – 30 days after fasting and begins with the new lunar sighting. The month of Ramadan is both a culturally and religiously important tradition in Morocco. If you are studying at AUI during this month, please be respectful of the culture.

LANGUAGE

Most Moroccans speak the Moroccan dialect called Darija, while the classical Arabic called Fus’ha is the official language. French is the second language and is widely used in commerce especially in central and southern Morocco. In northern cities like Tangier and Tetouan, Spanish is common. There are also three regional dialects of Berber in Morocco, but these are spoken less frequently. One of these Berber dialects, Tamazight, is used in Ifrane and throughout the Middle Atlas Mountains.

Students who have studied Modern Standard Arabic should be prepared to have limited understanding of the dialect upon first arrival as it sounds quite different. After some time it should be easy to adjust to the new dialect in daily conversations. Students can also ask Moroccans to speak in Modern Standard Arabic if it’s too difficult to understand the dialect. Students with French language skills will also be able to speak with most Moroccans. 

LGBTQAI+

It is recommended that LGBTQAI+ students conduct personal research on their host country before departing for their program. The articles below may be a good starting point on such research. However, students should keep in mind that social attitudes and acceptance may vary based on a number of factors including region, age, and the local political climate. If you would like to be connected with your host coordinator or an alumni who identifies as LGBTQAI+ before your departure, please contact your Student Services Officer. You may also email diversity@isep.org with any questions. 

- https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/morocco/local-laws-and-customs

- https://slate.com/human-interest/2015/07/gay-in-morocco-the-experience-is-very-different-for-moroccans-and-foreigners.html

- https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2014/oct/20/guide-for-gay-people-visiting-morocco

Daily Life

FOOD

Morocco, the culinary star of North Africa, is the doorway between Europe and Africa. Much imperial and trade influence has been filtered through it and blended into the culture. Unlike the herb-based cooking across the sea to the north, Moroccan cooking is characterized by rich spices. Cumin, coriander, saffron, chilies, dried ginger, cinnamon and paprika are on the cook's shelf, and in the mortar. Highlights of Moroccan cooking include:

- Harissa, a paste of garlic, chilies, olive oil and salt, makes for fiery dishes that stand out among the milder foods that are more the Mediterranean norm. Ras el hanout (which means head of the shop) names a dried spice mixture that combines anywhere from 10 to 100 spices. Each vendor has his own secret recipe (hence the name), and no two are exactly alike.

- Couscous, granular semolina, is central to Moroccan cuisine and is often cooked with spices, vegetables, nuts and raisins. It makes a meal in itself or is topped with rich stews and roasted meats.

- Lamb is a principal meat – Moroccan roasted lamb is cooked until tender enough to be pulled apart and eaten with the fingers. It is often topped with raisin and onion sauces, or even an apricot puree. Meat and fish can be grilled, stewed, or cooked in an earthenware tagine (the name for both the pot and the dish). Savory foods are enhanced with fruits, dried and fresh – apricots, dates, figs and raisins, to name a few.

- Lemons preserved in a salt-lemon juice mixture bring a unique face to many Moroccan chicken and pigeon dishes.

- Nuts are prominent; pine nuts, almonds and pistachios show up in all sorts of unexpected places.

- Moroccan sweets are rich and dense confections of cinnamon, almond and fruit perfumes that are rolled in filo dough, soaked in honey and stirred into puddings.

Food is served in common dishes and eaten with the right hand – the left is used for personal hygiene and should not be used to eat, touch any common source of food or to present money or gifts.

TIPPING

There is no "rule of thumb" regarding tipping in Morocco.  Moroccans themselves might only leave a few dirhams on a 150 dirhams dinner bill.  For tourists and visitors, 10% is more common for meals.  In taxis, just round up to the nearest 5 dirhams, e.g. if the taxi meter says 17, pay 20.  For someone who carries your bags to your room or from your hotel to a taxi, 10 dirhams would be appropriate, unless your bags are extremely cumbersome, or the distance is longer than a couple minutes walk.

CULTURE SHOCK

It is not uncommon for students to experience culture shock when traveling to any new destination. The most important thing to remember is that this shock will subside as time goes on. After the first few weeks of living in a new culture, students typically begin to feel more at home and more incorporated into society. Moroccans are very warm and accommodating; students should feel free to seek out relationships with students on campus for support. Additional tips for coping with culture shock can be found here

Health and Safety

Your health and safety is our number one priority. Please read and reference our Guides and Tips section for general information regarding health and safety abroad. 

- ISEP expects changes to COVID-19 vaccine requirements for 2021 and 2022 programs. If the student's host country, host university, home university, home country, or travel provider require a COVID-19 vaccination, students must comply with that requirement. ISEP will notify students if we become aware of changes in the terms of participation for their program.

- Detailed information about Morocco can be found here. Please pay special attention to the Safety and Security, Local Laws and Special Circumstances and Health sections. 

Note: Information sourced on this page is provided by the U.S. Department of State. Non-U.S. nationals should disregard the Embassies and Consulates and Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements sections.

-If you’re planning to bring your prescription or over-the-counter medicine on your trip, you need to make sure your medicine is travel-ready. More information can be found here and please contact your Student Services Officer and ISEP Coordinator with any additional questions.

Currency

CURRENCY

The basic unit of currency in Morocco is the Dirham (Dh). The Dirham is divided into 100 Centimes. Coins in circulation come in denominations of 1, 2, 5 and 10 Dirhams and 5, 10, 20 and 50 centimes. Bills come in denominations of 20, 50, 100 and 200 Dirhams. Please be informed that the Moroccan Dirham is a controlled currency. It is illegal to import or export Dirhams. Upon leaving Morocco, you can reconvert only up to 50% of the Dirhams for which you must produce exchange receipts at the bank of the airport. As you change money, keep your exchange receipts. See Xe.com for the current exchange rate.

CREDIT CARDS AND ATMs

There are ATMs around Morocco that will dispense cash. There is also an ATM on the Al Akhawayn campus. However, these machines can only dispense cash in Dirhams. Make sure you have international privileges on your credit card and the appropriate PIN number. Bank ATM cards usually have a transaction fee. Make sure you understand the fees associated with your credit card for cash transactions.

Credit cards are not widely accepted in small establishments in Morocco. However, you can use a MasterCard or Visa card in places such as hotels, gas stations, travel agencies and some large shops in main cities like Rabat, Casablanca, Marrakech, Agadir, Tangier, Fez and Meknes.

BANKING

There are two banks in Ifrane, the Banque Populaire and the BMCE, located in the town center. Both banks can handle foreign currency buying but not selling. They can cash traveler’s checks and cashier’s checks in a foreign currency. It is possible to get a cash advance with your Visa or MasterCard credit or debit card in the bank at the counter.

All international currency transactions have a cost. You will need to make a decision about what form of currency is best for you. Exchange students at AUI for one semester do not need to open a bank account. Some combination of credit card, cash and traveler’s checks is normally sufficient.

DISCOUNTS

Research whether a monthly public transportation pass is available for purchase, and whether this is more cost advantageous than individual fares which can add up quickly. Your student ID can also often be used for discounts at museums, travel and more!

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